Intro to Media and Reporting semester exam review – Spring 2014

This post contains the content you need to study for your Intro To Media and Reporting semester exam.

Testing schedule:

2nd period – Tuesday, June 3, 9:10-10:30 a.m.

3rd period -Wednesday, June 4, 8:20 – 10 a.m.

7th period – Thursday, June 5, 10:10 – 11:50 a.m.

PART I: STORY STRUCTURE

When finishing your story, please look it over and check for the following.
· Is the lead paragraph 1 or 2 sentences and totaling 35 words or less?
· Is each paragraph indented?
· Are the paragraphs following my lead 1, 2, or 3 sentences and not 4 or more?
· Are my sentences concise (25 words or less?)
· Do I have a minimum of three quoted sources? These need to be good, insightful quotes that do not state the obvious.
· Do the quotes follow the following style?
“Students at the high school who have turned 18 or will be by election day need to get out and vote,” school board president David York said. “This election is very important and will really benefit all of CISD. It would be great to see high school students voting.”
· Remember, it is not ,” said David York.  It is ,” David York said. 
· Did you check for AP Style? All stories must comply with AP Style
· Avoid redundancies. For example, you would not say At the age of 16, instead say Joe Bob, 16, is the sports editor of the Sidekick.
· For dates, remember it is April 16, not April 16th .
· Did you start a sentence with It’s? If so, change it – we do not start sentences with It’s
· Did you use the phrase a lot anywhere in your story? If so, take it out. This is a weak, vague set of words we must avoid. Also avoid words like many and some as much as possible.
· Do NOT insert any opinion in a story unless it is a column/editorial. News stories must be objective without your opinion.

PART II: HEADLINES

–      Give each headline an action verb: “Attorney showdown heats up”

–      Do not capitalize each word in the headline; only the first word and proper nouns. Do not end with a period. Avoid articles (a, an, the) as much as possible

–      Use present tense for past events: “Coppell names new principal” rather than “Coppell principal named yesterday”

–      Use the following for future events: “Obama to visit Coppell”

–      Use short words. Be creative, especially with mascots or names: “Cowboys corral Dragons in upset win”

–      Use comma for ‘and’ and a semicolon for a period: “Parcells resigns; Phillips named new coach”

–      To preserve space, use the numerical figure regarding numbers: “Schools to close for 5 days”

–      Do not use more than one acronym (DECA, SADD, FCA, NTHS) per headline

–      Be careful with negatives. You want the headline to be objective

–      Do not repeat any words – this includes repetition from a main headline to a secondary headline

PART III: CUTLINES

A cutline (also referred to as a caption) needs to add to a photograph. Great photographs can often tell a story themselves but cutlines can really enhance the story for the reader. A cutline tells the 5 W’s and an H. It shares the experience of the photographer with the audience by adding the details that a reader might not know since they were not there to experience it. Your cutline should be two sentences – the first sentence is written in present tense and tells the who, what, when, where and the second sentence provides the why.

Example cutline:

Journalism teacher Chase Wofford (right) assists freshman students Mary Sue and Bobby Jack write cutlines during first period on Friday in room D115 at Coppell high School. Sue and Jack are planning to apply for The Sidekick newspaper as photographers and will need to write cutlines for their photographs.

PART IV: DESIGN

– Does your page design have at least 50 percent photos/art/images? 

– Does your page design have dominant art (DOM)?

– Does you page use story telling devices?

– Does all of your headlines and cutlines follow all style guidelines?

– Does your page design follow the dollar bill test?

– Flag

– Rail

– DOM

– Teasers

– Index

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